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Why Did Paris Jackson Storm Out of the Dior Cruise Show?

Paris Jackson was among the elite to attend Dior’s 2019 Cruise show in Chantilly, France on Friday—but despite her early appearance, the 20-year-old model ultimately left an empty seat at the ornate venue.

Christian Dior Couture S/S19 Cruise Collection : Front Row At Grandes Ecuries De Chantilly

Bertrand Rindoff Petroff/Getty Images

The show, somewhat ill fated by a rainstorm settling in as the models hit the open-air runway, and drenching the front row guests (including Jackson, Emma Stone, Billie Lourde, and Stranger Things stars Natalia Dyer and Charlie Heaton), got off too a rocky start.

Things got even stranger (save us, Natalia and Charlie!) when a barefoot Paris, shoes soaked by the downpour, “stormed out” as the show began.

RELATED: At Dior’s Cruise 2019 Show Models Marched Through an Actual Storm

According to an InStyle source, it wasn’t the fashion that prompted Jackson to leave early, but the manner in which it was put on display. Female rodeo riders from Mexico were the inspiration for the collection, and were thus featured in the show, riding in on white horses.

The source said that Jackson “quietly slipped out of the Dior show” due to her concerns over the welfare of the animals performing. “She was very polite and explained her position to the Dior team upon exiting the venue,” the source clarified. “As an animal advocate, Paris would like to see an end to using animals for live entertainment purposes.”

A representative for Jackson declined to comment.

Christian Dior Couture S/S19 Cruise Collection : Runway

Victor VIRGILE/Getty Images

Christian Dior Couture S/S19 Cruise Collection : Runway

Victor VIRGILE/Getty Images

Jackson herself addressed her absence on social media, posting a photo of herself standing in a puddle outside the venue. “Left early n did this,” she captioned the image.

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Drinking, Fast and Slow: A Behavioral Scientist’s Guide To Summer Cocktails

Our commitment to bringing our readers the best insights from the labs and offices of leading researchers, practitioners, and journalists often reminds us that the behavioral science world is just like any other community. We fall in love. We (try to) tell jokes. We also like to kick back and enjoy a cocktail from time to time.

So when Alison Buttenheim, one of our founding columnists, put out a call for behavioral-insights inspired cocktail recipes this past April for an upcoming event, the behavioral science community answered the call. Dozens of budding mixologists proposed curious concoctions to delight an audience of behavioral scientists.

In the spirit of keeping you refreshed and inspired all summer long, we teamed up with our friends at ideas42 to create a handy guide to six of our favorite cocktails drawing on a deep understanding of the behavioral science literature, a series of not at all rigorous taste tests, and a large quantity of ice.

We hope you enjoy our small selection of summer cocktail recipes at your next happy hour, barbecue, mixer, retreat, or conference. Share your own high-proof (or no-proof) sips or shots with us on Twitter using #behavioralcocktails. Cheers to drinking, fast and slow!

Disclosure: ideas42 is a founding partner of the Behavioral Scientist.

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A theme controls the general look and feel of your site including things like page layout, widget locations, and default font and color choices. has a wide range of themes for you to choose from in the Theme Showcase where each theme has an about page that includes features and instructions. New themes are always being added, keep checking for new designs: you can change your theme as often as you like.

Here’s an example of a theme, Edda:

Edda Theme

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Activate a Theme

To activate a theme, go to My Sites  Themes in any site’s dashboard or the Theme Showcase. Click on the three dots to the right of the theme’s name and then click on Activate.

The active theme is shown at the very top of My Sites  Themes.

The active theme is McKinley

Please note that the currently selected theme will not appear in the results when browsing or searching for other themes.

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Browse Themes

To view all 290 themes available, go to the Theme Showcase or My Sites  Themes menu option in your site’s dashboard.

You can sort themes by clicking the links for Trending, Popular, and Newest at the top of the page, and you can filter those results for Free or Premium.

Additional filters are available in the Theme Showcase for popular types of themes such as photography, food, music, portfolio, business, and more. You can also filter by feature, such as Custom Header or Post Slider, or by layout, color, or price.

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Search Themes

Looking for a particular theme or a feature? Enter your keyword in the search box, and you’ll only be shown themes that match.

The search is real time and the count number shows the number of themes that match your search criteria. Note that the search results will be sorted according to your viewing mode, such as Trending.

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Preview Themes

To preview a theme before activating it, go to My Sites  → Themes. Click on the three dots to the right of the theme’s name, and then click on Try & Customize.

This action takes you to the Customizer, which will show you a live preview of the theme with your content. It’s a great way to test drive a theme if you already have content on your site.

You can scroll up and down and even click around in your blog to get an idea of how the new theme will work with your content.

If you like what you see, click the Save & Activate or Purchase button in the top left corner of the Customizer window. Click the X found in the top left corner of the Customizer window to back out and continue browsing through the theme showcase for a better fit.

Save and activate theme

Another way to preview is to look at the demo site for the theme. You can get to the demo site by going to My Sites  Themes. Click on the three dots to the right of any theme’s name and then click on Details. You’ll be taken to detailed information on that theme. You can try out the theme by clicking on the Demo button that appears on the top right of the details screen. The Theme Showcase also has direct links to each theme’s demo site.

Theme Features

Clicking on a theme’s thumbnail will show you a preview of that theme in the Customizer. If you like this theme, click the Save & Activate or Purchase button in the top left corner of the Customizer window. Click the X found in the top left corner of the Customizer window to back out and continue browsing through themes to find one more suited to your site.

If you already know this is the theme you want, you can go ahead and click on Save & Activate or Purchase. Purchasing a theme will activate it by default.

Customizing the Edda theme

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Some themes offer one or more sidebars. A sidebar is a secondary content area to your theme. This allows you to add widgets to your site. For example, if you wanted to add a list of categories, social media icons, or contact information you’d add widgets to your sidebar.

You may also find some themes have a set of default sidebar elements. For example, the Twenty Ten theme offers a search bar and an archives list as default sidebar elements. You will notice that when you go to My Sites  Customize → Widgets  these elements will NOT appear among your Current Widgets.

To remove these sidebar elements, go to My Sites  Customize → Widgets and add one or more widgets to the widget area. This will replace all sidebar elements with the widget(s) of your choice. If you’d like to fully hide the sidebar in these themes adding an empty text widget to the sidebar.

Looking for more on Widgets? We also provide a guide on how to use widgets effectively.

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Premium Themes

In addition to our many free themes, we also offer a selection of gorgeous Premium Themes that feature exciting customization options and exclusive support directly from the theme authors. Each theme has been carefully designed to help you present your message to the world.

If you like switching themes often or want unlimited access to the newest premium theme offerings, you might like the Business upgrade.

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Switch Themes

When you change a theme, nearly everything comes with you. Your posts, pages, media, blogroll and all of your content stay with you.

When you change to a new theme, there are a few things you’ll want to check afterward:

Custom Menus

You’ll want to reassign your Custom Menus to the locations you want them in the new theme. Each theme supports different locations, depending on the theme.


You’ll want to place your Widgets in the proper Widget locations. Like Custom Menus, each theme supports different locations, depending on the theme.

Custom CSS

The only thing that would not come with you is Custom CSS, because that is theme-specific. You will find your past CSS in the CSS revisions link located at My Sites  Customize → CSS.

Retired Premium Themes

When you select a Premium theme, it is normally available for the lifetime of that blog. Sometimes, we may decide to retire a Premium theme because it’s dated from a visual or functionality standpoint. If that happens, you can continue to use the theme for as long as you like, but if you switch to another theme, you can’t change back. We’re always happy to help you find a newer and better theme for your site.

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Uploading Custom Themes

Business plan users can upload third-party or custom themes to their website using the Appearance tab. Learn more.

Premium, Personal and Forever Free plan users can choose a suitable theme from our current theme collection. You can search the collection for specific features to find the theme that  best works for your site.

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Editing Themes does not offer the option to modify theme files directly, however, you may make changes to a theme by adding CSS if you purchase the Premium or Business plans, both include the Custom Design feature. Custom Design also comes with custom fonts and colors which let you change entire color palettes and font selections for themes with a few clicks, no coding required.

You do not need to know how to code to change fonts or colors using the built in tools, however, you do need to have some CSS knowledge to make changes using the CSS Editor. Our support team can help you get started in the CSS Customization forum. We also provide links to tips, tutorials, and books on our Custom CSS page.

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Set Up Your Blog in Five Steps

Congrats, you’ve registered your blog — maybe you’ve even published your first post! Run through these five steps to make sure you love the way your blog looks, and wow all your new readers.

Each of these sites uses the same free theme, Adelle. Add a few personal touches to give your theme a custom look.

1. Update your title and tagline.

You chose a URL like when you registered, but your blog’s title can be anything. Get naming tips from other bloggers and tell readers about your blog before they read a single post!

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General Settings

The General Settings let you control how your site is displayed, such as the title, tagline, language, and visibility.

To change your site’s general settings:

  1. Go to the General Settings page.
  2. Select your site to open that site’s General settings tab.

General Settings Tab

Changing your Site Title and Tagline

Watch the video below for a quick overview of how it works, and read below for more examples and settings.

The first setting you will see is Site Title. The Site Title is displayed in the title bar of a web browser and is displayed in the header for most themes. Your Site Title will also appear in the following locations:

  • Admin Bar — blog menu (top left) when viewing your blog
  • Admin Bar — main menu (top right) when viewing the blogs linked to your account
  • My Sites on the home page
  • The sender’s name when your followers receive notifications

Your site title can be anything you’d like; it doesn’t have to be the same as your blog’s URL or your username. You can use a cleaned-up version of your URL (e.g., myawesomeblog07 can become My Awesome Blog), or change it to whatever best reflects your site’s personality and topic. Note: No matter what you change your site’s title to, your address remains the same.

General Settings - Site Title

Tagline is next and is a short description or catchy phrase to describe what your blog is about. Some themes will display the tagline in the header or in the sidebar.

General Settings - Site Tagline

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The Language option lets you select the language to use for some of the theme text shown to your blog visitors. If you select an RTL language (for example, Hebrew), then the theme’s layout will mirror itself so that the text can be read properly from right to left.

General Settings - Language

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The Privacy settings control who can and cannot view your site.

Privacy Settings


More details about these settings can be found on the Privacy Settings support page.

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WooCommerce Square

WooCommerce Square provides seamless integration between your Square account and WooCommerce store, allowing you to synchronize inventory on both, and offer Square as a payment option.
The Square Payment Gateway requires an SSL certificate installed on your site, and it takes payments inside of an iFrame. All the customer payment data is stored on the Square servers.
WooCommerce Square requires that you have a Square account based in the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan or the UK.


  • WooCommerce 2.6.0+
  • PHP version 5.3+
  • WordPress 4.4+
  • cURL installed on your server
  • Square account
  • An SSL Certificate
  • A business location set in your Square account
Syncing products with WooCommerce Square requires that you have SKUs assigned to all products, including each product variation (if applicable).

Sign up for a Square account

  1. Go to:
  2. Sign up for your free Square account.
  3. Enter a Business Location when prompted.
  4. Stay logged into Square during setup of your WooCommerce Square plugin.
If you already have a Square account, sign into your account and stay logged in during setup of the plugin.


  1. Download the .zip file from your WooCommerce account.
  2. Go to: WordPress Admin > Plugins > Add New to upload the file you downloaded with Choose File.
  3. Activate the extension.

Setup and Configuration

General Settings

Your Store Address needs to be set up, if not already. If set and no edits are necessary, skip to the next section.
1/ Go to: WooCommerce > Settings > General.
2/ Enter your Address. Must be in the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan or the UK.
3/ Save changes.

Connecting WooCommerce Square

  1. Go to: WooCommerce > Settings > Integration > Square.
  2. Connect with Square.
  3. Log into your Square account, if not already:
  4. Verify identity of your site/store with That’s My Site – Redirect Me.
Once verified, you are returned to the Square settings.

Square Settings

Square Settings at WooCommerce > Settings > Integration.
  1. Select the button to Disconnect/Connect Square.
  2. Select a Business Location from the dropdown. These locations are entered in and pulled from your Square account.
  3. Enter your Notification Email(s): Use one or several email addresses to be notified when a sync is complete.
  4. Tick the Log Debug Messages checkbox: Useful for troubleshooting issues with the sync process. View logs at: WooCommerce > Status > Logs and select the log that starts with woocommerce_square_sync.

Synchronization Settings

  1. Select Enabled: This is the master switch for product syncing. If disabled, no items will sync.
  2. Include Categories: Enabling will sync your product categories.
  3. Include Inventory: Enabling will sync your product inventory.
  4. Include Images: Enabling will sync your product images.
  5. Square Inventory Sync: Enabling will auto-sync Square to WooCommerce.
  6. Click the button of your choice to Initiate a Manual Sync.
  7. Save changes.
For syncing to function correctly, you must do a one-time initial bulk sync — from WooCommerce (WC) to Square or Square to WooCommerce. This provides the initial “link up” between the two platforms.

Per Product Sync Settings

You may disable syncing for any product. Go to WooCommerce > Products, select a productand then tick the Disable Sync checkbox. This disables all syncing functionalities both ways.

Square Payment Gateway Settings

Should you wish to use and offer Square as a payment option, it needs to be set up.
  1. Go to: WooCommerce > Settings > Payments.
    Note: ‘Payments’ formerly called ‘Checkout’ prior to WooCommerce 3.4.
  2. Use the toggle under Enabled to select Square.
  3. Select Set Up. You are taken to the Square settings.
  4. Enable/Disable: Tick the checkbox if you wish to use Square as a payment option.
  5. Enter a Title: Displayed to customers during checkout.
  6. Enter a Description.
  7. Delay Capture (optional) Allows you to pre-authorize a charge and not capture it until later. This is useful if you wish to take payment only when shipping goods. On WooCommerce, choose to: a) Capture an authorization by marking the order Processing or Completed; or b) void the authorization by canceling the order. Captures must be completed within six days.
  8. Create Customer (optional): Create a customer profile on Square when a customer checks out on your WooCommerce store.
  9. Tick the Log Debug Messages checkbox: Useful for troubleshooting issues with the sync process. View logs at: WooCommerce > System Status > Logs and select the log that starts with woocommerce_square_sync.
  10. Save changes.
Here’s what the payment option looks like for customers:
WooCommerce Square does not currently have a sandbox mode for testing purposes. A regular product can be purchased to test the payment gateway (minimum amount is $1)


Why do Why is it taking so long to sync?

If you have many products on Square, it needs to loop through all of them and process each one separately. This takes time. If you set up the notification email, you can step away and come back when it’s done.

Why are some/all products not syncing?

Be sure you have SKUs set on both your products on WooCommerce site and your Square POS and that you have done an initial bulk sync.

Why are my product categories not syncing correctly?

Because WooCommerce and Square handle product categories very differently.
  • WooCommerce allows multiple categories to be assigned to one product while Square only allows one.
So if you’re syncing from Square to WooCommerce, that product will be updated to just one that is set in Square. If you have multiple categories and you’re syncing from WooCommerce to Square, it will pick the parent/and or the top most category to use. Because of this limitation on Square, our plugin has to follow suit.
Because Square has a flat category structure, it is not possible to have subcategories in WooCommerce and keep them in sync with Square. If you have subcategories, you can disable category sync entirely.

My product description is not syncing to my WooCommerce store.

This is by design.
  • Because WooCommerce accepts/allows rich HTML content and Square does not.
So if you sync’d from Square to WooCommerce and your WooCommerce product had HTML content, all HTML would be stripped away leaving only plain text. This is not the result you would want. However, you can sync from WooCommerce to Square and any HTML content will be stripped before saving to Square as they don’t allow HTML content. But if you are only using plain text product description and you would still like to sync both ways, there is a filter you can use. Place the following code into your child theme’s functions.php file. Please take care when editing code. Always make a backup of your site first.
add_filter( 'woocommerce_square_sync_from_square_description', '__return_true' );

My variations are not syncing properly.

Because WooCommerce and Square handles product variations very differently.
  • Square has single level variations where WooCommerce can have multilevel variations.
So if you only have single level variations on the WooCommerce side (only one attribute) everything will sync to Square just fine. However, if you need to use multiple attributes there are two syncing methods you can use.
The preferred method is using a workaround. For example, if you have Color and Size (two attributes). You’ll want to combine them into one attribute, for example, Black Small, Black Medium and Black Large as the three variations. This way when syncing over to Square, it will generate the variations correctly.
The second method does not require you to combine your attributes, Square will merge these attributes on their end. Inventory syncing should still function both ways in these cases, however you will not be able to ever initiate a manual Square > WooCommerce in the future. If you do Square will overwrite all of your product variations in WooCommerce with their merged variations. We recommend not using the forced manual sync option after initially setting up the plugin, so most users should not have a problem with using this second method.

Nothing is Syncing and I am seeing this error “PHP Deprecated: Automatically populating $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.” in my PHP error log.

Add the following into your PHP.ini file. “always_populate_raw_post_data = -1” ( no quotes ). You can ask your host to do this for you.

Why do I not see the Square payment on the checkout page?

Make sure you have SSL installed on your site and is active on the checkout page.

I am testing a purchase with Square Payment but it failed! Why?

Make sure you’re testing with a dollar amount that is greater than $1.00.

Why do my Square reports not show order information?

Currently, Square’s API does not support sending detailed transaction information. At this time, they are only able to capture the order number and the order total on transactions sent to them. Because of this, transactions will show up in your Square account as an uncategorized “Custom Amount.”

Why are my product images in WooCommerce not updating after I change them in Square?

This is intentional and due to the way Square handles product images. Once a product image has been imported from Square, any changes to that image in Square will need to be manually recreated in WooCommerce. You can do this by editing the item within WooCommerce and uploading your new product image. Please note that if you update your product images from within WooCommerce, instead of Square, you don’t have to worry about this – as WooCommerce will automatically update the new product image to your Square account.
The reason for this is because Square saves all product images with the same filename. This means even though you may have updated the product image in Square, that image file will have the same name as it did before. Because of this, there is no way for your WooCommerce site to know if the product image is different when a sync is performed. If we were to import the image with every sync, it would cause file duplications in your media library.

Why do my products not have SKUs after importing from Square?

If your products do not have SKU’s or are not showing as for sale on your site, check the product in Square to ensure it does not have extra blank variations. Log into your Square dashboard and click on the item that is causing the problem. Make sure that the only blank variation line is the very last line. If there are any other blank variation lines, you will need to delete them using the “X” symbol to the right. Once you are done removing any blank variations, save your changes. Now go back to your WooCommerce site and manually edit the product to remove any blank variations that were brought in with your sync. The next time that your Square account syncs to WooCommerce, the issue will be corrected.

The hourly “Square Inventory Sync” isn’t updating my products or adding new ones?

The automated hourly “Square Inventory Sync” will only update the inventory of items that have already been synced between Square and your WooCommerce site. It is not able to add new items to WooCommerce, nor is it able to update the price or description of existing items. If you have new items in Square that are not in WooCommerce, or if you want the price, item name, or image in WooCommerce to be updated using Square; you will need to perform a manual Square to WooCommerce sync. This can be done by using the “Square > WC” button on the WooCommerce > Settings > Integration tab.
Because of this, we recommend using WooCommerce to manage all of your product changes or additions, as changes made in WooCommerce are automatically sent to Square and do not require a manual sync.


Why do I need an SSL certificate?

Because you are taking payments on your website/store, and for security reasons and privacy laws, you need an SSL certificate. More at: WooCommerce Site and Data Security FAQ and the GDPR in effect from May 25, 2018.
Should you not have one, a message at the top will appear after enabling Square: “Square is enabled, but the force SSL option is disabled; your checkout is not secured. Please enable SSL and ensure your server has a valid certificate.”

Where do I get an SSL certificate and how much does it cost?

You can get an SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt, and it’s free of charge. More at: SSL and HTTPS.

Do I need to set SKUs for all products?

Yes, you must set SKUs for syncing to work properly. The SKU is a unique value in both WooCommerce and Square, so it is used to ‘match’ items between the two platforms.

How does Square automatically sync inventory to my WooCommerce store?

From the time you activate the plugin, a scheduled event automatically polls the inventory from Square and updates your WooCommerce on an hourly basis.

I have multiple Square locations. Why am I only able to use one location per WooCommerce store?

This is typical with integrations. However, in discussion with Square, this may be added in the future.

Why is auto-sync only available for inventory from Square to WooCommerce?

This is a Square limitation, not because WooCommerce is unable to offer this feature and functionality.

Does Square payments work in countries other than the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan and the UK?

Not at this time. Options for other countries can be found at: WooCommerce Payment Gateways.

Does this support Subscriptions?

Not at this time. These gateways do: Subscription Payment Methods and Gateways.

Does this support Shipping Multiple Addresses?

Not at this time, although support for Shipping Multiple Addresses is on our road map.

How are Sale prices handled?

Square does not support having a regular and sale price for items. When you set a sale price for an item in WooCommerce, the price will also be updated in your Square account. Once the sale price is removed from the item in WooCommerce, your Square item will be updated with the regular price again.
Sync process passes the current product prices. Therefore, when syncing products, make sure there are no active discounts (via WooCommerce Memberships or any other discount plugin) for the logged-in user otherwise discounted prices will be synced and used for all users. To avoid this, login using a normal admin user which has no discount rules applied to it.

Is there a maximum length for my product descriptions?

Square has an undocumented 4095 character limit on item descriptions. If someone is having trouble with items syncing and the descriptions are very long, double-check this.

Why is my sync frozen/stuck?

If you are trying to perform a manual sync and finding that the sync is stuck or frozen, it may be caused by caching from a plugin or your web host.
Try disabling any caching plugins that you have installed. As well, check to ensure your host hasn’t forced the installation of any cache plugins. These would show up under the “Drop-ins” or “Must-Use” tabs on your Plugins screen.

Does syncing include Square modifiers?

WooCommerce does not have such modifiers so therefore Square modifiers are not sync’d.

Can I connect the same Square account to multiple WooCommerce sites?

As long as each WooCommerce site is using a different Square Location, you can connect the same Square account to multiple WooCommerce sites.

How does Square handle syncing products with tax inclusive pricing?

Currently Square does not support syncing products with an inclusive tax rate. Their suggestion is to create Tax Rules in Square to mark items that should not have taxes applied to them. Because of this, once your WooCommerce item is synced to Square it will be the pre-tax price. You will need to either adjust the product price once it is synced to Square or use their Tax settings to apply tax to the product.

Questions and Feedback

Have a question before you buy? Please fill out this pre-sales form.
Already purchased and need some assistance? Get in touch with a Happiness Engineer via the Help Desk.
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NASA Armstrong Successfully Flies a New Subscale Aircraft

Crew members perform a series of preflight system checks on the MicroCub.
Crew members of the Subscale Research Lab at NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in California perform a series of preflight system checks of the MicroCub to ensure the aircraft is ready for its maiden flight.
Credits: NASA Photo / Lauren Hughes

The Subscale Research Lab at NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in California recently introduced a new addition to their fleet of miniature aircraft. The not-so-small MicroCub is a Bill Hempel 60-percent-scale super cub, modified by Armstrong to support engineering campaigns focused on the integration of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System (NAS). Through cutting-edge engineering and expert piloting of small, unmanned aircraft NASA is leading a critical phase for UAS integration into the NAS by educating engineers and validating key technologies that will directly apply to the next generation of large-scale unmanned vehicles.

On Jan. 18, 2018, Armstrong’s Subscale Research Lab team piloted the MicroCub for its inaugural flight, successfully demonstrating the aircraft’s airworthiness. This initial flight was intended to check the ground handling and flight characteristics of the aircraft, along with validating the Command and Control (C2) system, verifying the “remote control only” mechanism, setting the tuning for autopilot gain, performing engine runs, gauging fuel consumption and testing stall speed.

Though small in size, the MicroCub is a powerful vehicle in the realm of small to midsize UAS aircraft. Specifications of the vehicle include a 21-foot wingspan, a Piccolo Autopilot guidance system and a JetCat SPT-15 Turboprop–a design only model aircraft fanatics could dream up!

The successful maiden flight means the MicroCub will undergo additional aircraft modifications to validate risk reduction technology. Eventually, this technology will be integrated onto other NASA UAS aircraft, such as NASA Ames’ Sensor Integrated Environmental Remote Research Aircraft, SIERRA-B.

The MicroCub, a modified Bill Hempel 60-percent-scale super cub, approaches Armstrong Flight Research Center.
The MicroCub, a modified Bill Hempel 60-percent-scale super cub, approaches NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center for a landing. This was the first flight of the MicroCub in which the crew validated the airworthiness of the aircraft.
Credits: NASA Photo / Lauren Hughes

“In addition to helping with UAS integration into the NAS efforts, the MicroCub is a configurable aircraft that can be modified and utilized for a variety of flight tests at NASA,” said Justin Hall, an Armstrong operations engineer and UAS pilot.

Since the initial flight in January, the Armstrong crew has since installed an onboard smoke system – a see-and-avoid tool that can be used for visual identification (VID) of the aircraft, ensuring that small to midsize UAS are detectable by other aircraft during flight. By testing this technology on the MicroCub first, NASA can record VID data during test flight encounters, which will help researchers understand just how visible small UAS aircraft, like SIERRA-B, are from a variety of distances, without the risk or high cost that comes with testing such a technology on larger UAS like NASA’s Ikhana Predator B.

MicroCub’s small but versatile design offers a lower-cost solution to validate one-off airframe designs, further define requirements for UAS technologies, integrate payloads, contribute to risk reduction and airworthiness tests, prove autonomous technology capabilities, and achieve a variety of other UAS-NAS related objectives.

The MicroCub is just one small step in familiarizing the public with a tangible representation of what the future of unmanned flight could look like in the sky above them. As NASA expands its research and development of small unmanned aircraft vehicles, the MicroCub will continue to support UAS efforts that will ultimately change and redefine UAS flight in the future.

Rebecca Richardson
NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center

Last Updated: Feb. 26, 2018
Editor: Monroe Conner
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“What’s in My Reader?” — Rarasaur on Offline Friendships and Building a Community

On Discover, we chat with bloggers who aren’t just great writers, but readers — people who understand that blogging isn’t only about publishing posts, but connecting with others and being part of something bigger.

In this first profile of the “What’s in My Reader?” series, Ra atRarasaur talks about the connections made through blogging and the dear friendships she’s made over the years. Her Reader list, Blokin, compiles the sites of these bloggers she holds close to her heart. Follow her list and read on about her unique experience on

Your Reader list, Blokin, focuses on your “blog kin” — blogging friends who have become close friends offline. Can you tell us more?

Ra, the blogger at Rarasaur.
Ra, the blogger at Rarasaur.

I started blogging with WordPress in 2012, and quickly fell into the joys of reading blogs, participating in collaborative blog efforts, and spearheading group challenges. Each time an interaction occurred, my relationship with individual bloggers grew closer and closer — to the point where I filled my Rolodex with addresses and phone numbers, so I could send Valentine’s Day cards and friendship bracelets all over the world. It visibly culminated at a real-life blog meetup that I hosted in 2014. We might have stayed at a careful distance the way online acquaintances so often do, but my circumstances changed wildly.

They sent over 900 letters through my 438 days of incarceration, attended and spoke at my husband’s funeral, and raised money so I could begin again when I came home.

In 2014, I went to prison for over a year, and while incarcerated, my husband — also a WordPress blogger — passed away at the age of 35. In the face of so much chaos, the bloggers I’d befriended — and some I’d never crossed paths with directly — reached way beyond the wires. They sent over 900 letters through my 438 days of incarceration, attended and spoke at my husband’s funeral, and raised money so I could begin again when I came home.

We recently shared lists from staff. In this “What’s in My Reader?” series, we’ll highlight great lists created by you and share the blogs you love to read.

So for those people, whose spouses and children wrote to me, and for those who I’ve met even if it was through plexiglass at the county jail, and for those I’ve spoken to on the phone, and for those who mail me tokens of love — I made this reading list. It is one method I use to stay in touch with their lives.

Photo courtesy of Rarasaur.
Photo courtesy of Rarasaur.

In your post, “May Your Blood Be Delicious,” you say you are a reader, not a writer, and beautifully articulate the relationship between the two. Let’s say you’re browsing new posts from bloggers. What first catches your eye? What ultimately moves you?

I am a reader of many things — fictional novels, nonfiction documentations, graphic novels, magazines, poetry, everything — but blogs have the ability to offer perspectives not found anywhere else. I seek that sparkle.

I’ll read something I don’t understand, or something I don’t agree with, or something I would never want in my own life — but I will move on, quickly, if it’s something I can’t feel.

I look for posts unabashed in their deliverance of their vantage point. I look for strong emotional pulls and fragile details of perspective.

If you live on a farm in Wisconsin, I want to breathe in freedom and pride as the apple blossoms fall from the trees. If you are living the nomadic life at a dance festival, I want to hear the cheers of the crowd in a language I can only imagine. If you are a storyteller, I want to love or hate your main character before I even know what her story may be about. I’ll read something I don’t understand, or something I don’t agree with, or something I would never want in my own life — but I will move on, quickly, if it’s something I can’t feel.

Photo courtesy of Rarasaur.
Photo courtesy of Rarasaur.

A brand-new blogger faces an empty Reader and may not know where to start: where to click, who to follow. How can new bloggers find their people?

Related Reading: Learn how to tag your posts efficientlypersonalize your Reader, and follow your interests.

There are a million practical tips I could list here — learn how bloggers use tags, learn how to follow tags, participate in collaborative events, seek out your interests, visit five new blogs a day, comment on a blog a day . . .

For instance, I have no interest in being a traveler or a mother, but I love reading things that are about human exploration on a singular level. Enthusiasm for life and the ways we live it trump topic tags, every time.

But for me, the turning point of curating an addictive blog-reading-list was switching the parameters of my search. I moved from topics of interest (geek, business, books) or styles of writing (poetry, longreads) to personality- and culture-based searches. For instance, I have no interest in being a traveler or a mother, but I love reading things that are about human exploration on a singular level. Enthusiasm for life and the ways we live it trump topic tags, every time. Some of my most beloved bloggers are travel and parent bloggers — who would have guessed it? I guess my point is: keep an open mind.

I’m also a fairly unforgiving reader. If someone continually posts content I don’t want to read, I unfollow them. I like my Reader to be full of things I can’t wait to jump into. It is what makes reading the blogs a profit of freedom instead of a cost of blogging.

I like my Reader to be full of things I can’t wait to jump into. It is what makes reading the blogs a profit of freedom instead of a cost of blogging.

A community has manifested itself on and through your blog in different ways over the years, from Nano Poblano, your own version of NaBloPoMo (National Blog Posting Month), to Stories That Must Not Die, a collective space for stories. How did these projects come about?

My husband and I were daily bloggers and, between the both of us, our readers had a pretty clear picture of our days. We simply omitted my legal battles because we were hoping they would pass. Plus, our blogs had a certain personality to them — his, geared toward professional writing; mine, geared toward love stories and compliments. There never seemed to be an opportune moment to say, “Hey, friends, this is what is going on outside of the 23 hours you live with us. This is the story of the blanket fort we stayed in all day, the blogs we built — the lifetime we lived in the hour a day we didn’t report.” But there was a blog space, closed now, that offered room for a story, and I took it and told mine. In a cosmically twisted burst of humor, I called it “I am not a felon,” not knowing that I called my shots too early, and in just a few months, I would become one.

My husband and I worked on the bones of a new collaborative area for stories of survival and struggle, knowing how important being able to tell our own was to our journey.

When that site went down, my husband and I worked on the bones of a new collaborative area for stories of survival and struggle, knowing how important being able to tell our own was to our journey. The day I went to jail, I sent an email to a team of people I trusted and asked them to make a space so that stories like mine could have the freedom to be told. I gave them the barebones structure of the site, and told them to ask Dave if they had any questions about our vision. They cared for it and carried it, even after Dave passed away while I was still in prison. It is a welcoming space, all of which can be attributed to the Stories Family.

NaBloPoMo, or National Blog Posting Month, occurs each November.

The Nano Poblano story is similar, with less imprisonment and death built in. My first NaBloPoMo was with a tiny team that no longer exists. I wouldn’t have made it through the month without them. When their blogs disappeared, and the next November came along, I decided to create what had been offered to me: a temporary battle cry. I could never say NaBloPoMo so it became Nano Poblano, which later became the Peppers. For year two, I was in jail, but my husband sent me as many posts from the team as he could. They continued forward even when I wasn’t there. I was very happy to be free for year three, and cheer my Peppers on, once again.

Photo courtesy of Rarasaur.
Photo courtesy of Rarasaur.

For people interested in building similar things, what do you think they need to succeed?

I think it’s important to build wide, rather than build tall — to be all-encompassing. You’re making a village, not a skyscraper. And, of course, before you can open your digital arms wide, you have to let almost everything else go, especially what you think you’re going to harvest from your efforts. Focus on the Most Important Thing, and let everything else go.

I think it’s important to build wide, rather than build tall — to be all-encompassing. You’re making a village, not a skyscraper.

Your brand will be diluted, so start with a strong one. Your team will whittle down, so start with at least one other person who is blog-or-bust. Your schedule will change, so don’t worry about it too much. Your participation will flux, so don’t stare at the numbers. Be gentle with yourself; evolution is the nature of collaborative efforts. You can’t imagine what will arise from what you build, so don’t limit yourself with boundaries — just build. Don’t compare it to what someone else offers in the same vein, just build, and let others help you build, because the reach of two people is greater than the reach of one.

Reach as many people as you can, and worry about finding the right people later. Build wide and trust your village, and I think you can make anything happen.

Read more from Ra on her blog, Rarasaur, and follow her on Twitter, Facebook, andInstagram.

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( 44 ) قَالُوا أَضْغَاثُ أَحْلَامٍ ۖ وَمَا نَحْنُ بِتَأْوِيلِ الْأَحْلَامِ بِعَالِمِينَ ( 45 ) وَقَالَ الَّذِي نَجَا مِنْهُمَا وَادَّكَرَ بَعْدَ أُمَّةٍ أَنَا أُنَبِّئُكُم بِتَأْوِيلِهِ فَأَرْسِلُونِ ( 46 ) يُوسُفُ أَيُّهَا الصِّدِّيقُ أَفْتِنَا فِي سَبْعِ بَقَرَاتٍ سِمَانٍ يَأْكُلُهُنَّ سَبْعٌ عِجَافٌ وَسَبْعِ سُنبُلَاتٍ خُضْرٍ وَأُخَرَ يَابِسَاتٍ لَّعَلِّي أَرْجِعُ إِلَى النَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ ( 47 ) قَالَ تَزْرَعُونَ سَبْعَ سِنِينَ دَأَبًا فَمَا حَصَدتُّمْ فَذَرُوهُ فِي سُنبُلِهِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا مِّمَّا تَأْكُلُونَ ( 48 ) ثُمَّ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ سَبْعٌ شِدَادٌ يَأْكُلْنَ مَا قَدَّمْتُمْ لَهُنَّ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا مِّمَّا تُحْصِنُونَ ( 49 ) ثُمَّ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ عَامٌ فِيهِ يُغَاثُ النَّاسُ وَفِيهِ يَعْصِرُونَ ( 50 ) وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ ائْتُونِي بِهِ ۖ فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُ الرَّسُولُ قَالَ ارْجِعْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ مَا بَالُ النِّسْوَةِ اللَّاتِي قَطَّعْنَ أَيْدِيَهُنَّ ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي بِكَيْدِهِنَّ عَلِيمٌ ( 51 ) قَالَ مَا خَطْبُكُنَّ إِذْ رَاوَدتُّنَّ يُوسُفَ عَن نَّفْسِهِ ۚ قُلْنَ حَاشَ لِلَّهِ مَا عَلِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ مِن سُوءٍ ۚ قَالَتِ امْرَأَتُ الْعَزِيزِ الْآنَ حَصْحَصَ الْحَقُّ أَنَا رَاوَدتُّهُ عَن نَّفْسِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ ( 52 ) ذَٰلِكَ لِيَعْلَمَ أَنِّي لَمْ أَخُنْهُ بِالْغَيْبِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي كَيْدَ الْخَائِنِينَ ( 53 ) ۞ وَمَا أُبَرِّئُ نَفْسِي ۚ إِنَّ النَّفْسَ لَأَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّي ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ( 54 ) وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ ائْتُونِي بِهِ أَسْتَخْلِصْهُ لِنَفْسِي ۖ فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُ قَالَ إِنَّكَ الْيَوْمَ لَدَيْنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ ( 55 ) قَالَ اجْعَلْنِي عَلَىٰ خَزَائِنِ الْأَرْضِ ۖ إِنِّي حَفِيظٌ عَلِيمٌ ( 56 ) وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنْهَا حَيْثُ يَشَاءُ ۚ نُصِيبُ بِرَحْمَتِنَا مَن نَّشَاءُ ۖ وَلَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ( 57 ) وَلَأَجْرُ الْآخِرَةِ خَيْرٌ لِّلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ ( 58 ) وَجَاءَ إِخْوَةُ يُوسُفَ فَدَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَعَرَفَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُ مُنكِرُونَ ( 59 ) وَلَمَّا جَهَّزَهُم بِجَهَازِهِمْ قَالَ ائْتُونِي بِأَخٍ لَّكُم مِّنْ أَبِيكُمْ ۚ أَلَا تَرَوْنَ أَنِّي أُوفِي الْكَيْلَ وَأَنَا خَيْرُ الْمُنزِلِينَ ( 60 ) فَإِن لَّمْ تَأْتُونِي بِهِ فَلَا كَيْلَ لَكُمْ عِندِي وَلَا تَقْرَبُونِ ( 61 ) قَالُوا سَنُرَاوِدُ عَنْهُ أَبَاهُ وَإِنَّا لَفَاعِلُونَ ( 62 ) وَقَالَ لِفِتْيَانِهِ اجْعَلُوا بِضَاعَتَهُمْ فِي رِحَالِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَعْرِفُونَهَا إِذَا انقَلَبُوا إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ ( 63 ) فَلَمَّا رَجَعُوا إِلَىٰ أَبِيهِمْ قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا مُنِعَ مِنَّا الْكَيْلُ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعَنَا أَخَانَا نَكْتَلْ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ ( 64 ) قَالَ هَلْ آمَنُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا كَمَا أَمِنتُكُمْ عَلَىٰ أَخِيهِ مِن قَبْلُ ۖ فَاللَّهُ خَيْرٌ حَافِظًا ۖ وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ ( 65 ) وَلَمَّا فَتَحُوا مَتَاعَهُمْ وَجَدُوا بِضَاعَتَهُمْ رُدَّتْ إِلَيْهِمْ ۖ قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا مَا نَبْغِي ۖ هَٰذِهِ بِضَاعَتُنَا رُدَّتْ إِلَيْنَا ۖ وَنَمِيرُ أَهْلَنَا وَنَحْفَظُ أَخَانَا وَنَزْدَادُ كَيْلَ بَعِيرٍ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ كَيْلٌ يَسِيرٌ ( 66 ) قَالَ لَنْ أُرْسِلَهُ مَعَكُمْ حَتَّىٰ تُؤْتُونِ مَوْثِقًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ لَتَأْتُنَّنِي بِهِ إِلَّا أَن يُحَاطَ بِكُمْ ۖ فَلَمَّا آتَوْهُ مَوْثِقَهُمْ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مَا نَقُولُ وَكِيلٌ ( 67 ) وَقَالَ يَا بَنِيَّ لَا تَدْخُلُوا مِن بَابٍ وَاحِدٍ وَادْخُلُوا مِنْ أَبْوَابٍ مُّتَفَرِّقَةٍ ۖ وَمَا أُغْنِي عَنكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۖ إِنِ الْحُكْمُ إِلَّا لِلَّهِ ۖ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ ۖ وَعَلَيْهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ ( 68 ) وَلَمَّا دَخَلُوا مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَهُمْ أَبُوهُم مَّا كَانَ يُغْنِي عَنْهُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ مِن شَيْءٍ إِلَّا حَاجَةً فِي نَفْسِ يَعْقُوبَ قَضَاهَا ۚ وَإِنَّهُ لَذُو عِلْمٍ لِّمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ( 69 ) وَلَمَّا دَخَلُوا عَلَىٰ يُوسُفَ آوَىٰ إِلَيْهِ أَخَاهُ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي أَنَا أَخُوكَ فَلَا تَبْتَئِسْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

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